Wax is a loosely defined term, referring generally
to substances which are plastic-like in ambient temperatures,
having low viscosity when fully melted, hydrophobic and insoluble
in water. Traditionally, waxes were derived from naturally sources
such as animals, insects, plants, crude oil, and others. With
modern technology, synthetic waxes, such as polyethylene and Fischer-Tropsch
types, are also available.
paraffin wax is by far the most widely used wax in the world.
It is extracted from crude oil during the petroleum refining process,
and normally further hydro-treated for better stability. Petroleum
paraffin wax can generally be categorized into Fully-refined and
Semi-refined types. It is commonly used in the manufacturing of
candles, fibre and particle boards, wax and carbon papers, rubber
products, shoe polishes, etc.
wax produced by the improved Fischer-Tropsch process from natural
gas are gaining popularity as a raw material for a wide range
of manufacturing and industrial applications, such as candles,
packaging, wood, agriculture, etc. It is well known for its consistency
and opaque appearance.
wax is also derived from crude oil. Compared to paraffin wax,
microcrystalline wax generally contains higher percentage of isoparaffinic
and naphthenic hydrocarbons, has higher viscosity and melting
point, and is more elastic and sticky. It is used commonly in
cosmetics, packaging, medicine, etc.
is a product from bee hive, and is probably the oldest natural
wax used by humans since centuries ago. It is moderately hard
and has a honeylike odour. It is used commonly in the cosmetic,
pharmaceutical, candle and food industries.
wax is derived from the leaf of a type of palm tree. It normally
comes in the form of yellow-brown flakes. It is suitable for use
in cosmetic industries as ingredient for lipsticks, eyeliners
and other skin care products. Carnauba wax is also commonly used
to produce glossy finish in polishes and food products.
wax is generally fatty acids extracted from palm oil, where natural
fats are refined under high pressure and temperature. Palm wax
is versatile and has gradually becoming an important ingredient
in many industries, such as candle, cosmetics, rubber, soap, etc.
Petroleum Jelly is produced from fractional distillation of petroleum
crude oil. It is a translucent soft mass consisting of a mixture
of hydrocarbons. Its colour ranges from white to yellowish brown,
is odourless and almost tasteless, and insoluble in water. Vaseline
is a well-known brand of petroleum jelly. Petroleum Jelly is commonly
used as base materials in cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries.
They are also widely used as anti-corrosive, metal polisher, and
cable and rubber filling materials.
White oil is a mixture of refined liquid hydrocarbons. It can either
be extracted from petroleum crude oil, or synthesised. It is transparent,
colourless and practically tasteless and odourless. A wide range
of white oils are available, differentiated by their levels of refining
and viscosities. This oil is commonly used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical,
food, agriculture, and polymer industries.
Rosin is a solid form of resin obtained from plants. It is semi-transparent
and its colour varies from yellow to black. It is brittle at room
temperature, and melts when heated up. Rosin is a common raw material
in the manufacturing of printing inks, varnishes and adhesives.